Installation of Fire Safety System following all the Fire Safety Laws is the prime exigency for workplaces. Without any doubt, fire is beneficial to us in every walk of life. Fire is a key factor in the evolution of mankind if it is controlled and used carefully.
At its worst, fire can kill people and put companies out of business. Many catastrophic fire accidents became the benchmark for what employers SHOULD NOT DO in their facilities if they want to protect their employees and property.
THE FIRST LEGALLY MANDATED FIRE SAFETY LAWS/FIRE PROTECTION PROTOCOL FOR BUSINESS OWNERS.
The protocols state that
- All interior doors designed to open out.
- No exterior doors being locked during working hours.
- Installation of Sprinkler systems is mandatory, where more than 25 employees are working.
- Regular fire drills should be conducted so that employees were trained in successful evacuation from the building in the emergency.
The governments from each and every country firmly believe that workers have a right to a safe workplace. Stringent laws that require employers and business owners to set and maintain working conditions free of known dangers and fire hazards.
OSHA (OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION)
Global industrial organizations have expressed their faith in OSHA. Governments administer Safety Legislations according to rules and regulations suggested by OSHA.
OSHA’s ‘Fire Safety Laws’ are based on a study of previous fire accidents which are benchmark cases and on workplace inspections.
In its workplace inspections, OSHA’s expectations are
- Employers are provided with proper exits, emergency plans, and fire fighting equipment.
- Provision of proper employee training to prevent injuries and deaths in their workplace.
- Large businesses and corporations or industrial plants must appoint at least one designated safety officer to supervise the emergency plans and training.
- Regular checking and maintaining of safety and fire-fighting equipment.
There are stiff penalties for not fulfilling OSHA requirements and can be considered as an employer’s failure to responsibilities under the law.
OSHA REQUIREMENTS DIRECTIVES TO WORKPLACE FIRE SAFETY LAWS
- The safety plans must synopsis all the required fire safety devices.
- The correct number, size, and structure of fire exits. Even the smallest building must have at least two escape routes.
- The doors must never be blocked and remain unlocked during working hours.
- Fire suppression systems are required.
- Fire extinguishers must be tested and inspected regularly.
- Automatic sprinkler systems that are properly installed and maintained greatly enhance workplace fire safety.
- Total fire suppression devices should be installed where necessary.
- Clear warning signs and alarms must be installed to warn employees.
- For businesses of certain sizes and natures, the organization must hire or recruit Safety Officers.
- Employers along with Safety Officers develop a specific Fire Prevention Plan according to the nature and situation at the workplace.
- The Prevention Plan should include ways to train employees in the safe ways to prevent fires, to identify potential fire hazards, the proper ways to handle and flammable materials, and to respond appropriately in case of a fire.
- Employees must be educated about how to analyze fires in and the severity of a fire incident.
- OSHA also requires that employers need to write a detailed emergency action plan for evacuation. The plan should specify the routes to use in evacuation, procedures, and methods for accounting for workers after the evacuation.
- Copies of both plans should be displayed at evacuation places & available to all employees.
- The employer must prop up the strategies of Safety Officers with company policies and necessary fiscal allocations to keep fire safety equipment in good working order.
THE LAWS FOR FIRE SAFETY PROFESSIONALS
Workplace fires are a catastrophic event for any business no matter their size. Many businesses never completely recover from losses due to a fire hazard. It is for this reason, among many others, that all businesses should have at least one appointed or hired responsible fire officer, whose responsibility is to ensure that safety systems are following certain rules and regulations and that action is taken to both prevent fires from occurring and to prevent injury or fatality.
- Prevention of the potential fire is the highest priority in every operation.
- Safety Professional has to spend sufficient time and adequate efforts provide for the development, training, and enforcement of the fire prevention programs.
- Fire suppression usually involves an instantaneous activity and requires more equipment-specific efforts, such as maintenance and inspection of the existing fire suppression equipment, and specific suppression activity training.
- A fire officer should be proficient in assessing potential fire risks.
FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
- Every company must have a Fire Risk Assessment under regular inspection by the fire authority.
- Fire Risk Assessment must be reviewed regularly and be documented if:
The company has 5 or more employees or the premises require a license or has been issued an Alterations Notice by the fire brigade.
You Should Read – 10 Major Fire Safety Tips
THE POINTS SHOULD BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION WHILE FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT ARE:
- Correctly identify the potential causes of a fire in the business.
- Identify the people at risk.
- Easy access to fire safety measures in place, i.e. fire alarm systems and escape routes.
- The ongoing management of fire safety in the business, i.e fire drills, and staff training.
- Strategies for a fire safety action plan if changes are needed.
- Keeping records of all the significant findings.
- Follow the action plan when needed.
- Be prepared with the fire risk assessment updates at all times.
If you do not have a fire risk assessment and appropriate fire safety precautions in place, you can face prosecution, severe fines, and in cases of extreme negligence imprisonment.
The National Fire Protection Association – Provides information on fire prevention and protection. It also has a set of standard Laws of fire safety and will send a copy of these to anyone who requests them.
Local, state and federal Governments take fire safety, prevention and mitigation gravely, enacting and enforcing the necessary laws to protect the workplace, the employers and employees should react every warning as the real threat and act accordingly, until it is found to be either a false alarm or an actual fire.
EMPLOYEES ARE CRUCIAL COMPONENT OF A COMPANY. EVERY BUSINESS OWNER’S DUTY TO ENSURE THEIR SAFETY NOT ONLY TO SAVE BUSINESS BUT AS PER HUMAN ASPECT ALSO.
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